Despite Kerala being one of the few Indian states where it is lawful to talk about a certain quality of life, it is also true that it is a state with notable economic deficiencies. Although not poor, it has a high level of unemployment. Hence the continued and strenuous emigration to other countries (notably to the Gulf countries, a preferred destination of Kerality Muslims, or to Mauritius, Singapore or even the United States).
For centuries, Kerala’s economy has gravitated to about three major crops: rice, spices and coconut trees. With the arrival of the British tea and coffee (in the mountain areas). Coconut workers have generated a true associated industry (oils, string fibers, etc.). Spices (especially pepper, cardamom and nutmeg) have attracted traders (and colonizers) of all kinds for centuries. It’s still a thriving industry. Fishing has also been important.
However, Kerala has barely developed an industry. And while keralaites are coveted by the large Indian company (especially the IT or health sector, which feeds on Malaysian doctors and nurses), some entrepreneurship in the state has been lacking.
The big exception has been tourism. Kerala is one of the few Indian states that has been able to exploit its tourist resources, be it the beaches (such as Kovalam or Varkala), natural parks and mountain resorts (such as Periyar, Munar or Wayanad), or the aforementioned tourism in the backwaters and in spas and Ayurvedic spas, where in addition to traditional medicine and associated diets, the practice of yoga or meditation is cultivated.