Kerala: policy

Political activity is connatural to the Keralita people, one of the most participatory and politically involved in all of Asia.

After the formation in 1956 of the state of Kerala (according to the model of linguistically congruent states, which made Kerala the land of the Malayalis: the Speakers of the Malayalam language), the following year Kerala held its first elections to the state parliament.

With the victory of E.M.S. Namboodiripad in 1957, the first democratically elected communist government was formed worldwide. For 30 years, two coalitions (one gravitating around the Communist Party and one around the Congress Party) have alternated in power. The first coalition has ruled since 2016.

At the end of the nineteenth century began a series of political mobilizations, such as that of the Ilavars, a low caste of coconut workers who – following the leader Narayana Guru – managed to break the ritual barriers of pollution and ascend in the social hierarchy; or as the literacy campaigns promoted by the maharajahs of Cochin and Travancore). Clear social activism for equality and social welfare is detected.

As a result, Kerala is now the only state in India that can boast of having reached a minimum of well-being: severe child malnutrition is only 1%, life expectancy is even higher than that of African-Americans in the Us, birth rates they are the lowest in India; while poverty reduction are the highest.

Significantly, Kerala is the only Indian state where the ratio of women exceeds that of males, the highest female life expectancy and, of course, higher female literacy (at 93%).

All these achievements are more important in seeing that the Keralate economy is not buoyant and its unemployment rates are high. It is clear that their leaders have long invested more energy and commitment to improving their citizens and, in particular, women, which is the surest way of radiating well-being to the whole society.